Wetland 4 Cities
Eurosite member Natuurpunt, in cooperation with Ecover, has set up a project called Wetlands4Cities. After winning the “Fertilize the Future” award from Ecover in April 2021, the project was established and aims to develop at least five urban wetlands in Flanders over the next two years.
With the development of such urban wetlands, Natuurpunt wants to take the lead in realising resilient Natural Climate Buffers in Flanders. Natural Climate Buffers play a crucial role in retaining and absorbing water by preventing water shortages, mitigating heat and reducing carbon in the atmosphere.
For the realisation of the project, Natuurpunt defined three types of urban wetlands in Flanders: urban wetlands near coastal areas, inland urban wetlands in natural (valley) ecosystems, and inland urban wetlands specifically developed by humans. The wetlands are required to meet a set of specific criteria:
- creating possibilities for CO2 storage;
- buffering and infiltration of water;
- strengthening and restoring biodiversity;
- offering a cooling effect to cities on hot summer days;
- open access to local residents and educating residents on the value of wetlands;
- contributing to mental health and improving air quality, which is often poor in (large) cities.
The project focuses on areas of at least 10 hectares that are located near cities with a population of at least 50.000. In the summer of 2021, a selection of project areas to prioritise was made. To ensure geographic coverage throughout Flanders, project partners selected at least one area per province.
Natuurpunt works together with various partners. Companies such as PepsiCo are doing water replenishment in the Uitkerse Polder. Private landowners and local governments are opening up their areas to, together with Natuurpunt, take measures to prevent flooding. Furthermore, Natuurpunt also works together with the Flemish Region, additionally strengthening and restoring wetlands through the Blue Deal. However, above all, most cooperation will be via the local Natuurpunt branches that are often composed of committed volunteers with a passion for and knowledge of local nature reserves.
Amongst the measures taken as part of the project concern opening up and creating access to urban wetlands in Aalst and Dendermonde. The water level in a polder area that contains peat will be raised to store additional CO2. Moreover, a wetland in Mechelen will be connected to the river Dijle to prevent drought in the area. Soil will be excavated to create extra wet nature.
Linked to this project, Natuurpunt also participates in a citizen science project led by the University of Antwerp in cooperation with the Flemish newspaper ‘De Standaard’. Measurement locations in 50 Natuurpunt areas are planned, including the Wetlands4Cities areas in Antwerp. The research focuses on heat and drought. However, due to the extremely wet summer of 2021, a switch in focus was made to buffering and sponge effects of the soil.
For further information on the project, please contact Project Manager Lander Wantens (Natuurpunt).
Photo credit: Daam Stemgée